Introduction: the Islamic Republic of Mauritania has a population of over 2.5 million and a per capita income of $410.
History of Higher Education
The ENA became the School for Technical Sciences in 1995 (Faculté des Sciences Techniques, FST). Other institutions include the Mauritanian Institute for Scientific Research in 1974, the Institute for Arab and Islamic Sciences in 1979, and the National Institute for Special Medical Studies in 1997.
The number of part-time faculty, however, is more significant, particularly due to the lack of recruitment and to the concentration of faculty in specific disciplines.
After taking an examination, professors are selected and distributed into one of three categories (A1, A2, or A3). A fourth category (A4) can only be reached through seniority.
Governance and Administration
NU is administered by the vice-chancellor’s office, and each of the three schools (FSJE, FLSH, and FST) are administered by deans, vice-deans, and a general secretary.
Research and Publishing
Funding and Resources
Mauritanian higher education is public and free. Students are only expected to pay a $2.50 registration fee. The government subsidy is the main source of internal financing in terms of operational costs.
Financial resources for institutions come from the government and external support. The classical policy of the finance ministry has been to increase the budget allocation by 10% every year. External funding comes mainly from the World Bank, the French Cooperation, national and international organizations, foundations, embassies, and inter-university cooperation programs.
Note: For detailed account on the state of higher education in Mauritania, please consult: Ahmed Kharchi, African Higher Education: An International Reference Handbook (Damtew Teferra and Philip. G. Altbach, eds., Indiana University Press, 2003), pp. 431-439.